Dhivehi Language Discussion and Support


    Morphology

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    Join date : 28/05/2009

    Morphology

    Post  Admin on Fri May 29, 2009 11:46 am

    Although there differences in inflectional forms across dialects, the major categories are shared.

    Nouns are human and non-human in gender. They inflect for case (direct, dative, genitive, instrumental, and locative) definiteness (definite, indefinite and unspecified) and number (singular and plural, though the singular is generally unmarked in inanimate nouns).

    The verbal system includes derivational relationships in stems between active, involitive/intransitive, and causative forms. There are finite and nonfinite forms based on three stems: present, past, and participal. finite verbs inflect for three tenses (past, present, and future) and three aspects (habitual, present, and perfect). Person and number categories vary with the dialect.

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