Dhivehi Language Discussion and Support


    Orthography

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    Posts : 3
    Join date : 28/05/2009

    Orthography

    Post  Admin on Thu May 28, 2009 3:12 pm

    The current Dhivehi script, known as 'Thaana', is unique to that language. It is written left to right, and the characters are made to resemble Arabic, reflecting the influence of Islam. They are not Arabic, however, although the first nine letters were fashioned after Arabic numerals. The system if of the alphasyllabic type, which all consonants and vowels being written, but grouped in syllabic clusters. Vowels following consonants are written above them or below them, as in many South Asian scripts, but unlike most Indic scripts, consonants do not imply an unmarked inherent vowel. Also, initial or independent vowels do not have their own signs but are written using the a character alifu (އ) which has no phonetic value by itself, but serves as a vehicle for the same vowels diacritics that are used with consonants. Consonants not followed by a vowel are marked with sukun (ލް). Thus, the name of the language in Thaana, with a transliteration (read right to left) and phenological representation (left to right) is:

    ދިވެހިބަސް = <s-sukun>+<ba><hi>+<ve><dhi> = /dhivehi bas/.

    The basic Thaana alphabet is supplemented by a set of characters for the numerous Arabic borrowings.

    There is also an official romanisation, designed to avoid diacritics, that reflects some English influence. Thus, long 'a' is written <aa>, long 'e' is <ey>, long 'o' is <oa>, and retroflex ṩ is <sh>. The combinations <th> and <dh> represent dental stops, as in 'Dhivehi' and 'Thaana'. Thus the <h> represents dental articulation (vs. retroflex), not aspiration, which is lacking in Dhivehi.

    sh

    Posts : 1
    Join date : 08/12/2009

    Re: Orthography

    Post  sh on Tue Dec 08, 2009 4:44 am

    There is a mistake in the first line. Thaana is written right to left as in the example Dhivehi Bas.

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